By I. Ur-Gosh. Mount Saint Mary College. 2018.

Still order 1mg kytril with mastercard, the ideological basis discount kytril 2mg with mastercard, Mens sana in corpore sano buy 1 mg kytril amex, some- times takes on worrisome Platonic tones buy discount kytril 2 mg on-line, such as: "Health cannot be bought. And, it is relevant to mention that still, today, naturopathy is taught to non-doctors by institutes where the natural aspect is empha- sized within a religious context with strong mystical connotations: "Distancing oneself from the natural is distancing oneself from God, social production is a sign of evil,. Naturo- therapy is thus addressed to qualified medical assistants and ancillary medical personnel, as a field for non-doctors. Naturo-therapy proclaims itself to be the "medicine that looks for the causes of the disease and which, through the natural comprehen- sion of the clinical signs and phenomena, biological and physical, rec- ommends treatments that tend to reinforce the organism’s own de- fenses" — not exactly a remarkable medical revolution, in our opinion. W hat is interesting in this approach is the desire of the naturo- therapists to dissociate themselves from naturologists of all sorts. However, it is disquieting to study more closely the naturo- therapy diagnostic and therapeutic approach, an approach that incor- porates all the usual patamedicine gibberish. He tries to restore the energies of life, which are often non- existent because they have been masked by pathological causes. This life energy is an intelligent force that is always biased toward health, throughout all the hazards of existence, and it confers upon us a capacity of self- healing. One of the most remarkable actions that this self-healing force reveals is cicatrization: wounds close up and bones knit together again. But the organism has many other "tricks" by which we cure ourselves: x Fever, which increases the body temperature, enabling the body "to kill" viruses and germs; x W e cough, sneeze, and blow our noses; we ooze; we peel; we get pimples. The naturopath is the ally of your self-healing vital force: he stimu- lates it, works with it, awakes its power; he helps you to restore, 3 within you, the conditions necessary to health. W hatever they call themselves, naturopaths or naturo-therapists, 4 the successors of Kneipp and Rickli work in similar ways. Detoxification, intended to cause or encourage the elimination of humoral (fluid) overloads; 2. Revitalization, which is supposed to fill in any morbid and electrolytic deficiencies; 3. Marchesseaux, the pioneer, taught that orthodox naturopathy is organized according to the three hygienic processes of eating, relaxing and exercise. The general doctrines of naturopathy follow the general criteria of "societal" intoxication and "natural" detoxification. W e poison ourselves: - At skin-level, with certain alkaline soaps, beauty creams, and deodorants; - At the lungs through smoke, tobacco, pollution, emotional tight- ness, lack of exercise; - In the liver and intestines, through alcohol, tobacco, drugs, cof- fee, sugar, drugs, fat, additives; - In the kidneys, through excessive salt, lack of water, chemical drugs, excessive meat; 81 Healing or Stealing? The detox cure consists in adopting a lifestyle that accentuates the normal elimina- tion of toxins accumulated in the organism at the level of the four emunctories which are: the skin, the lungs, the liver and intestines, the kidneys. You can start your detoxification with a monodiet in which you eat only one kind of food (depending on what disorders you are experi- encing) for a certain length of time, or you can fast for a certain pe- riod — this is the most effective means of cleaning out the organism. The fasts can be wet (drinking nothing but water) or dry (the patient takes no solid food nor liquid food). Except for emergency cases, in the event of feverish or nonfeverish disease, we prepare for this cure by gradually eliminating from our food: first, animal products; then stimulants; then fats and crude oils, cooked grains, cooked vegetables and fruits; and finally the mixtures of raw cereals, vegetables and fruits. After this cure we begin to eat again, and start the cure of revitaliza- tion; foods should be added back into the diet progressively (a mono- diet is recommended). Finally, the stabilization cure enables us to find the correct food com- binations and to avoid disastrous associations, although the various schools do not agree on which food associations are those are. In spite of the success of Kousmine’s works, his regimen has never, so far, saved a single cancer patient, and it represents one of those dead ends into which patients are lured when they are under stress from having the disease diagnosed and under a psychological burden induced by the treatments. Montain on dental naturo-therapy; it ap- peared in the International Review of Unconventional Medicines, and it pre- sents both the technique and its limitations. Respecting the Hippocratic principle, Primum non nocere, the naturo- therapist will be careful not to poison the organism of his patient. Any time that this becomes necessary, he will cleanse it, using the natural methodology and applying the principles of the hygiene of life, in an individually-tailored way. Toxic metals such as mercury, copper and silver contained in the fillings will be removed. Even with these, prudence is required; some alloys contain only very little gold, and the tests that we have conducted with our Geiger 7 counter reveal that many ceramics are radioactive! It is true that dental naturo-therapy aims at restoring the wave and vibrational balances of which pataphysicians are so fond. Montain poses a fundamental problem in patamedi- cine, that of good faith and of how open to critical judgment an expert can be who is convinced of a technique that he intellectually believes in and wants to believe in, but that is not backed up by any technical and scientific arguments that can make it credible.

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The ear is checked for tender or sore points 1mg kytril mastercard, and then an attack on a given organ is treated by acupuncture of the correspond- ing auricular zone where it is projected order 1 mg kytril mastercard. The size of the area covered by the different zones is not proportional to the organ’s importance 1mg kytril fast delivery. But perhaps that is only an empirical observation kytril 1 mg low cost, related to the size of an auriculothera- pist’s brain. Foot Reflexology If the foot is reproduced in the ear; why shouldn’t the ear be pro- jected in the foot? Reflexologists have thus invented the plantar projec- tion of the human body, so that every organ has a corresponding loca- tion on the sole (plantar region) of the foot. Reflexology treatment consists of massaging the appropriate zone or stimulating it with an "apple blossom" mallet. Given the rate at which we are discovering bodily projections on this or that zone of the organism, quite frankly we can only be optimis- tic as to the future of such diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Appar- 102 Everything is in Everything — and Vice Versa ently, they have had only two major failures: the projection of testicles onto woman and of ovaries onto man. She was ready for bur- ial, when a drop of something brought her back to life and made her stand up and walk about the room. Chromotherapy All great traditions use a symbolism of colors in the rites, the or- naments and the outstanding events of life. Thus white, a color of celebration in the W est, becomes the color of mourning in the Orient; while the opposite, red, is an ag- gressive color in the W est but is seen as the color of happiness in the Orient. The symbolism of colors matches up with physical and astro- logical correspondences, in the Sephiroth of the cabal as well as in the Indian chakras or in hermetic astrology. The astral/color/organ correla- tion is thus a common denominator to all civilizations: patamedicine could hardly escape it. Chromo-therapists take color and "administer" it to the patient as a form of treatment. The critical element is to choose a good color, ac- cording to the patient’s temperament, astral sign and pathology. The technique consists in catalyzing or dispensing beneficial or malevolent energy by giving the patient a colored light bath. Some chromo-therapists settle for a simple flashlight with colored filters: the "colored vibrations generator" can be applied to the ailing organ, or it 105 Healing or Stealing? First-class chromo-therapists insist that the patient "be immersed" in a room with monochromatic light, preferably naked, so that the vibrations can pene- trate his body. Such techniques are justified mostly in terms that have to do with traditional magic, even though some chromo-therapists try to provide technical arguments in their favor: society, in its daily activities, has always laid great importance on colors and has established meanings for specific choices — blue for boys and pink for girls, spring green as the color of the hope, etc.. Some chromo-therapists, more imbued with a respect for science, have managed to latch onto certain medical observations and use them to bolster the theoretical bases of their therapy. W e know that light plays a role in seasonal depressions: ocular stimulation by sunlight stimulates hormonal secretions in the subject, and they in turn stimu- late the production of cerebral neurotransmitters. Therefore, variations in luminosity generate an increase or a reduction in the production of these neurotransmitters; and the subject’s psychological state varies with the level of these cerebral neurotransmitters. Thus, the fewer hours of sunshine that we have in the autumn involves a general decline of physiological activity, which precedes the phenomena of depression; in spring, the return of fair weather and longer days is accompanied by a return to the psychological normal. The human organism’s weather-sensitivity explains why some people use artificial light cures to treat depression. Chromo-therapists have picked up these medical observations and adapted them to lend scientific support to their therapy. They have thus produced a list of colors and have spelled out which pathologies or physiological phe- nomena they are supposed to treat. Revitalizes, aids breathing, increases blood pressure; 106 Tastes and Colors Orange: Beneficial.

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Making the noise intelligible: articulation The pharyngeal muscles (X) purchase kytril 1 mg line, the tongue (XII) purchase kytril 1mg with visa, the muscles of facial expression (VII) kytril 2 mg on-line, mandibular movements (Vc) and the palate (X kytril 2 mg line, V) all modify the crude noise produced by the larynx to create speech. Pitch Pitch is modulated principally by tensing (cricothyroid) and relax- ing (vocalis) the vocal cords. All movements of the vocal cords are controlled by the nucleus ambiguus through the superior and recur- rent laryngeal nerves (X). It is unnecessary to learn individual laryn- geal muscles or their attachments; it is enough to know that they are all innervated by the nucleus ambiguus. Lesions affecting the nucleus ambiguus lead to profound swallowing and speech disorders: bulbar and pseudobulbar palsies. There would be an ipsilateral lower motor neuron lesion of the muscles of the tongue and pharynx. Because the nuclei concerned are in the medulla or bulb, this is called a bulbar palsy. Since this supplies the upper lateral medulla, some of the symptoms are explicable on the basis of the involvement of the spinal part of the trigeminal sensory nucleus and the nucleus ambiguus: dis- turbances of facial temperature sensation and bulbar palsy affecting speech and swallowing. There may also be cerebellar involvement and balance disorders (possible involvement of cochlear and vestibu- lar nuclei). The lateral spinothalamic tract conveying pain and tem- perature sensation from the contralateral trunk and limbs may also be involved. Medial medullary syndrome This involves the hypoglossal nucleus, corticospinal tract and medial lemniscus. The lateral medullary syndrome is more likely to cause sensory symptoms, and the medial medullary syndrome more likely to cause motor syndromes: look again at Section 1. Since this presents as a disorder of the muscles of speech and swallowing, it is at first sight similar to a bulbar palsy, but being an upper motor neuron lesion, it is caused by a lesion on the opposite side. It is immediately above the lateral fissure, deep to the pterion, usually in the dominant hemisphere (normally the left). The main function of the glossopharyngeal nerve is the sensory supply of the oropharynx and posterior part of the tongue. Its other functions are the motor supply to stylopharyngeus; con- veying parasympathetic fibres part of the way to parotid gland and sensory supply from the carotid sinus, carotid body, and (sometimes) skin of the external acoustic meatus and tympanic membrane. Sensory fibres to pharyngeal plexus supplying mucosa of pharynx and posterior tongue. Thick line: parasympathetic fibres from inferior salivatory nucleus (ISN) to otic ganglion for parotid gland, and branchiomotor fibres to stylopharyngeus. Arterial components of the third arch form part of the common and internal carotid arteries thus explaining the carotid sinus innervation. Sensory fibres, including taste, from oropharynx, posterior tongue and carotid body chemoreceptors. The glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) 85 Branchiomotor fibres: from nucleus ambiguus to stylopharyngeus. Preganglionic axons from inferior salivatory nucleus to auricu- lotemporal nerve and otic ganglion. From variable portion of skin in external ear, axons pass in tympanic branch to main trunk of IX. Place a finger on the anterior part of the tongue (V) and then the posterior part (IX) to demonstrate this. The gag reflex is mediated by the glossopharyn- geal (afferent limb) and the vagus (efferent limb). It also transmits cutaneous sensory fibres from the pos- terior part of the external auditory meatus and the tympanic membrane. It supplies the gut tube as far as the splenic flexure of the trans- verse colon (roughly), and the heart, tracheobronchial tree and abdominal viscera. These fibres, though, are by no means essential to life, whatever others may tell you, since they can be cut, as in vagotomy.

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Thus it is important to acknowledge that eye problems are very likely to be the result of MS and to seek support on this basis discount kytril 1 mg. However cheap 2 mg kytril mastercard, eyesight problems can occur for many other reasons than MS – people may have short or long sight or other visual problems discount 1 mg kytril free shipping, for which glasses or contact lenses will be useful and buy cheap kytril 2mg on-line, as people age, some of these problems will become more evident. So be sure to have these problems, and those specifically caused by the MS itself, checked out. Eyesight Optic neuritis What is called optic neuritis is probably the most common visual symptom of MS, perhaps appears in 50% of people with MS, and indeed may well appear before any other symptoms of the disease are obvious. Optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve, which is at the back of the eye) may result in various kinds of vision loss or difficulty. The acute form may result in temporary loss or disturbance of vision in one eye, and very occasionally vision loss at the same time in both eyes – although one eye may follow the other in being affected. Vision loss or disturbance may most often be in the centre of the eye, but it may also be in peripheral vision. Even those people with normal sharpness of vision (visual acuity) may have a reduced capacity to deal with contrasts in their visual field, or have reduced colour vision. In almost all cases vision reappears and is often almost back to normal after a period of time. Symptoms of optic neuritis can worsen for up to 2 weeks after its initial onset, then most people recover rapidly and have improved back to their pre-attack state after 5 weeks. Some people who have had an attack may feel that the quality of their vision is not quite as it was, and they can be left with some problems in relation to colour vision, depth perception and contrast sensitivity. Optic neuritis can also be present without any obvious major symptoms, although on careful checking minor abnormalities can often be detected in such cases. It is important to say that there are a range of other conditions that may result in condiditons similar to optic neuritis. In relation to MS itself there is strong link between the presence of optic neuritis and the disease in the form of CNS lesions – mostly the larger the number of lesions detected by MRI the more likely MS is the cause. Treating optic neuritis Corticosteroids have been the main basis of medical treatment for optic neuritis for some time, even though there is conflicting research about the effectiveness of their use. The basis of the use of these drugs is that they have some effect on the immune system. In relation to what can be described as inflammatory eye disease, it is thought they could help in reducing the inflammation. A combination of methylprednisolone and prednisone may be given, although this may vary. Because in most cases (even the most severe), vision returns to something like its previous state in a reasonable period of time, some neurologists are reluctant to give powerful steroid drugs, which can have significant side effects. So, although it is worrying for people with a sudden onset of these symptoms, waiting for the return of vision or the lessening of visual disturbances is often the strategy that is followed. With the advent of beta-interferon type drugs in MS (where optic neuritis can be one symptom), there has been increasing pressure to give such drugs at an earlier stage in the condition. In principle, if the MS could be detected earlier – and optic neuritis is a frequent symptom occurring before MS has been diagnosed – then optic neuritis would probably be a symptom that responded to such a treatment. However, definitively diagnosing MS at such an early stage may not be easy, and there is still much debate about how appropriate the beta-interferons are to give to all people at that stage of MS. EYESIGHT AND HEARING PROBLEMS 143 Eye movement abnormalities Eye movement abnormalities are quite common in MS. They might involve rapid but regular eye movements (usually described as ‘nystagmus’) or take a range of other forms including a temporarily fixed gaze. Many of these abnormal movements may not even be recognized by the person with MS, and are more likely to be noticed by others. Occasionally people with MS experience a more troubling form of nystagmus, which involves very slow but regular eye movements associated sometimes with dizziness and nausea. Nystagmus is a difficult condition to treat successfully, for the damage that causes it can be very different in different cases.

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